Home Assistant NFC Script

Home Assistant Automation in Depth: Multi-function NFC Tags

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This post is part of my “Home Assistant Automation in Depth” series. Here is the series index:

Welcome to the latest installment in my Home Assistant Automation in Depth series! In this article we’re going to explore how I’m using NFC tags with Home Assistant to control various aspects of my home automation. Specifically, I’m going to show my approach to making an NFC tag perform different actions depending on context.

I’m not going to dive headlong into an explanation of what NFC is. If you managed to somehow arrive at this page without knowing that, go and read the Wikipedia page! For our purposes it is sufficient to say that we can scan these little tags with our phone and some code will react to the scanning event.

How is NFC useful in Home Assistant?

Hopefully, you are already joining the dots in seeing how this is useful. Basically an NFC tag is a nice way to provide an input to a system. Think of it like a magic wireless button, that doesn’t need batteries! (assuming you charge your phone of course).

There is actually a little more to it than that. Since we won’t store anything sensitive on the tag itself we can safely leave them in public places. For example you could place one outside your front door. Only a phone which has been pre-configured with our setup will be able to execute the actions we have specified. Also, Android phones must be unlocked to scan the tags giving an extra layer of security.

There is a wrinkle with this, however. If someone knows the location of your tag they could potentially re-write it with some other (malicious?) data. There appears to be a way to write protect tags in the NFC Tools app I use below. However, I haven’t tried it yet. Make sure you do this if you want to place tags in areas where someone untrusted may have access!

Of course, the price of this is that you must have your phone on you which isn’t such a big deal. It may mean that you might not want to use these for tasks which need to be done very quickly or potentially with your hands full.

Connecting to HASS

There are at least two ways to connect NFC tags into Home Assistant. We can either use a dedicated app, or we can use Tasker with a plugin to accomplish the same thing. I’m going to describe the Tasker route, since I already had this in place before the HASS NFC app became available. Tasker is also allows you to do much more, so is a good app to have in any case.

The plugin we need for Tasker is called NFC Tasks and is free. In addition, we’ll need it’s companion app NFC Tools (also free) to configure our tags. You’ll also need Tasker and some NFC tags (obviously). I like the sticker variety (alternative link) for home automation purposes. However, they come in all kinds of shapes and sizes.

Once you have all the software installed it’s time to start connecting things up. First we’re going to want to setup Tasker to talk to Home Assistant via the REST API. This has got a little more complex if you want to use the new authentication system. However, there is a useful tutorial on the Home Assistant forum (thanks to @bokub for that!). This involves creating a specific task which can be re-used to talk to HASS. Go away and follow the instructions to do that now!

Welcome Back!

Once you’ve done that, you’ll need to set up another task (as detailed in the tutorial) which will be called when our NFC tag is scanned. I’m going to call a script, so mine looks like the screenshot below, but you can call any service in Home Assistant.

Home Assistant NFC
My task to be called when the tag is scanned

At this point you can test your task by executing it in Tasker and making sure it calls the right thing in HASS. You’ll then need to back right out of Tasker in order for it to apply the settings. If you don’t do this the task won’t show up later. Press the back button until you land back at the home screen, don’t just press the home button!

Writing the Tag

For the next part, we open the NFC Tools app and head to the tab called ‘Tasks’. Click the ‘Add a Task’ button, then navigate to ‘Various’ and ‘Tasker’. Hit the magnifier/search icon next to the task name input, then select the task you just created from the pop-up and press the ‘OK’ button. When you’re done, you should land at a screen like the one below. Hitting the write button will prompt you to scan the tag to write it.

Home Assistant NFC
Ready to write to the tag

If you now exit the NFC Tools app and scan the tag, you should see that your Tasker task is executed. This in turn performs your Home Assistant action.

At this point it should be noted that you can execute more than one task from a single tag. NFC Tool/Tasks also have a whole load of tasks built in, most of which I’ve not tried. Feel free to have a play around!

UPDATE: /u/databoy2k on reddit suggested an alternative way of doing this, which centralises more of the logic on the HASS server and so scales better to more tags/phones. I haven’t had time to try it fully yet, but I’ll probably switch over to it in future.

On the Home Assistant side

So now we have an NFC tag which can perform an action in Home Assistant. I’m now going to share how I’m using one particular tag as a multi-function switch for different modes in my house. I’ll start with an input_select to define the different modes I want:

I’ve placed my tag on the door frame of the door between our kitchen/living area and the rest of the house. This means I can scan the tag when I go through the door to select a different mode.

The question now is, how does the system know which mode to select? I’m doing this based on time of day, since my modes are mostly based around different events which fit within a rough timeframe. You can use pretty much any state or information from Home Assistant via a template. Here is my script which achieves this:

The keen eyed among you would have noticed that this is the script which is being called when my NFC tag is scanned. Here I simply set the value of the input select based on time of day. You’ll see that ‘Bedtime’ appears twice in order to handle the before and after midnight cases. With this setup:

  • Scanning the tag between 7am and 12pm will set the mode to ‘Coffee Time!’
  • A scan of the tag between 12pm and 6pm will set the mode to ‘Lunchtime’
  • Scanning at any other time will set the mode to ‘Bedtime’.

Handling the Modes

I handle each mode via an automation. Firstly, let’s go with the ones for my coffee and lunchtimes:

This basically implements some timed lighting for my break times during the day. I was always forgetting to turn off the kitchen lights when going back to work, so now I don’t have to. The timed lights also serve as a nice reminder that it is actually time to go back to work!

Since we already stored the state in the input_select we can use this as the timed trigger for the lighting off rule. This avoids the need for an external timer. Once we are done, we set the mode back to ‘None’

Next, we’ll tackle the bedtime mode. This is pretty simple, it just calls a script which turns off the lights and other appliances:

Conclusion

So there we have it – a multi-functional NFC tag which triggers different actions in Home Assistant, depending on the time of day. This approach has been working really well for me for quite some time. I’ve only recently upgraded it to the new authentication scheme, but it works flawlessly.

With the power of Home Assistant scripts, particularly the templating options, this approach could be taken a lot further than the simple examples I’ve shown here. One idea would be to turn on or off different appliances dependent on the state of other sensors. Another is to perform different actions depending on who is home at the time.

There are also probably further extensions, like doing different actions depending on the phone which scans the tag. I suspect the logic for this would have to be built into the Tasker task on the phone. For example each phone could call a different script on the server.

I’d also like to give these a try for outdoor use, with the write protect enabled of course. I think I might need to find some more durable tags for that experiment however, the stickers don’t feel very weather proof.

I’m interested to see what else people are doing with NFC and Home Assistant. Please get in touch via the comments and Twitter to let me know!

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Lovelace Multi-room Audio Contols

Quick Project: Lovelace Multi-Room Audio Controller

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Welcome to a new segment on my blog! Here I’m going to do quick write ups of some of the little projects that I complete. These projects often come between the bigger ones that I usually write about. This is going to be bit of an experiment, but I’m aiming to publish these in addition to my usual blogging schedule. However, they will be done as time permits so may not be as regular.

I wanted to start doing posts like this, since I realised I do quite a few small projects which never make it onto the blog. Primarily this is because I just forget about them once they’re complete. Let’s see how it goes and please let me know if you like these posts in the comments or via Twitter.

Today’s Project: a Lovelace Multi-Room Audio Controller

This post is about a bit of playing around I was doing in Lovelace (the new Home Assistant UI) over the weekend. I started out installing the Home Assistant Community Store (HACS) and came across the Mini Media Player card. This struck me as the perfect thing for making better controls for my multi-room audio system. Without further ado, here are the finished Lovelace multi-room audio controller in all its glory:

Lovelace Multi-room Audio Contols
I love the beautifully minimalist look of this

Basically, we have controls of the main Mopidy music player. This is followed by the volume controls for the overall Snapcast group and the individual Snapcast clients. This is pretty much a copy of the layout in the Snapcast Android client. However, that lacks any way to control the player.

Get to the YAML!

Below is the YAML I used to create my Lovelace multi-room audio controller. Is should be noted that this can be entered through the GUI editor, by just switching to the raw editor. You don’t need to be using YAML mode.

This consists of a vertical stack card containing several mini media player cards with the group setting set to true to make them nest fine into a what appears visually to be a single control panel. I then just use the hide parameters to get rid of the controls I don’t need on each one and add a custom icon for each. Done!

Conclusion

I really like this layout. The only improvement I can think of would be if the cover artwork for the currently playing track was displayed. You can see I’ve tried this in the YAML above, but it didn’t work for me. This might be more of a limitation of the MPD integration in HASS than of mini media player.

That’s it for now. Again, please let me know if you like this post format and I’ll keep doing them in between my other posts.

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Road to Docker Part 2

My Road To Docker – Part 2: My Home Automation Stack

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This post is part of a series on this project. Here is the series so far:


In my first post of this series, I outlined my plan to convert my infrastructure over to a layered setup. This would consist of virtual machines (in various VLANs), with most of the services running in Docker. This post details the second stage of my road to Docker, although really was is the first stage since I’m writing these out of order! I actually converted my home automation systems over to Docker before tackling the web stack.

The motivation behind upgrading the home automation system first was to do it at the same time as I did a large update to Home Assistant, since I’d been holding back on updating. The main reason for this was the switch to Lovelace as the default UI, which I was dreading. As it turned out, I waited long enough for the awesome HASS developers to make all my problems go away (or at least the Lovelace related ones).

System Summary

I’ve written about my home automation setup before, but here is a brief recap of what I’m running (only the server side stuff):

I had also been running InfluxDB and Grafana. However, something broke in my setup and I hadn’t got around to fixing it. I therefore decided to cut my losses with that and not reinstall it (for now).

Finding Docker Images

Luckily for me, the four main components of my system all have official/recommended Docker images available. This was useful as I’m always pretty reticent to use some questionably maintained image from the Docker Hub, mainly due to the lack of security updates. I also wanted to avoid building custom Docker images for now, until I work out a decent update strategy.

In addition to the four services above I wanted to run the ESPHome dashboard in order to manage my devices better. I had previously just been using the command line tool to build and upload to them. This also has an official Docker image.

Road to Docker Part 2
Looks like I have a few devices to update!

I also ended up running a MaryTTS container to replace PicoTTS that I had been running for my voice announcements. This is due to the lack of PicoTTS inside the HASS Docker image. It was recommended that I use the silversniper/marytts image. Looking at this image, it hasn’t been updated in three years which. This reinforces my point about random images from Docker Hub. Luckily, this isn’t an externally facing application so it isn’t too critical from a security standpoint. However, I think I’ll look into updating that at some point.

Stacking Containers, again…

I set up a new clean VM inside my home automation VLAN. I was a little reserved about doing this, since it means everything in that VLAN (most of which is blocked from the internet) can see the full HA server. However, my main worry over not doing that was the mDNS used by ESPHome. If I can get Avahi/mDNS working across VLANs at some point I will move it. I still have a big network re-organisation to do, so hopefully it will get done then.

The full docker-compose.yml file for my new stack is given below:

There’s nothing particularly earth shattering here. The main point of interest is that I mount the voice file for my preferred MaryTTS voice inside the container. Actually finding the voices is a little interesting. The official way to download them is a GUI tool that won’t run inside the container. I eventually found the XML file which lists all the available voices and extracted the URL of the one I wanted (the online demo helps to decide).

The only other parts worth noting are that I mount all my volumes under /mnt/docker-data, which is an NFS share onto the ZFS array of the virtual machine host. This then gets rolled into my normal backups. I also didn’t bother with a reverse proxy for any of this, since I already have one for HASS sitting in my DMZ (yet to be Dockerised). The other services just get accessed via the machine hostname and port since they are only used internally.

Sometimes Waiting Pays

I didn’t run into any issues particular to setting this up in Docker. At this point I think it’s a pretty well trodden path and this setup is pretty much standard. I did however run into several issues with upgrading to the latest Home Assistant.

First, lets tackle the elephant in the room – Lovelace. I was really worried going into this that it was going to be a huge amount of work. My mind was somewhat put at rest by seeing the UI editor in action via misperry’s video. When I actually came to it, the migration process automatically re-created my existing UI pretty much perfectly. Lesson learned: there is something to be said for waiting for mature software, rather than jumping on the new shiny thing immediately!

Lovelace itself is awesome! The ease of configuration has made me actually focus on making my HASS UI nicer rather than just the bare minimum I could get away with that I had previously. In the screenshot below, you can see my new “Outdoors” panel. This contains weather information, outdoor related sensor readings and a couple of local webcam views.

Road to Docker Part 2
I probably should have taken this screenshot during the day

Remaining Issues

Most of my remaining issues were due to the Home Assistant “Great Migration”. This resulted in a load of entity IDs changing in various components. Obviously, this resulted in my having to update my configuration to change all the names. It took a little while to troubleshoot. This was because if the changed name is used in an automation, the automation has to actually fire to cause an error. In many cases it also just won’t fire, if the name is used in the triggers for the automation.

The final major issue I encountered, was with my frankly awesome vacuuming robot, which appeared to stop reacting to service calls in HASS. The underlying issue appears to be the Botvac D3 returning a different error message than the D7 that the library was tested with. So far this hasn’t been fixed, but I’m currently using the category: 2 workaround suggested and that’s working fine. I think I’ll have a look into fixing that issue and submit a PR when I get time.

Managing Updates

Managing updates to Docker images has always been an bit of an issue for me. In the past I’ve used Watchtower with some success. However, due to the capacity for breaking changes I want to manage HASS updates more carefully. It was suggested to me to just use a bash script which I can run periodically to do this. This isn’t something that had occurred to me before, probably because it’s so simple! Here’s the script I’m using:

This works beautifully and allows me to easily keep up with release to HASS and the other components, once I’ve verified that it’s reasonably safe to update.

Conclusion and Next Steps

Overall I’m pretty happy with how this move has turned out. Once the initial teething issues were all worked out the system has been very stable. I’m appreciating the extra utility of the ESPHome dashboard, which makes it very convenient to update my devices. It’s also great to be back on the latest version of Home Assistant.

In terms of next steps, I would like to give InfluxDB and Grafana another try. My main issue here has always been building the dashboards. It seems to be pretty tricky to get something both good looking and useful in Grafana. I also haven’t seen any pre-built dashboards for use with data from Home Assistant. Perhaps this is because they are so peculiar to individual setups.

I also have an LXD container running ZoneMinder. I’d like to re-deploy this as a Docker container on the same VM. Previously, I’ve not had too much luck running ZoneMinder in Docker. I’ll to see if the situation has improved when I tackle this migration.

I’m not actively working on any further migrations of other services to Docker at the moment, so there will probably be a break in this series for now. However, given my current success I’ll definitely be continuing on with this migration. I just want to work on some other projects for a while!

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Multi-Room Audio Client

Multi-Room Audio System: Indoor and Outdoor Audio with Snapcast and Mopidy

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One of the projects I really wanted to do when moving into our new house was build a multi-room audio system. Traditional multi-room audio systems, such as Sonos, cost a massive amount for the functionality they provide. It looks like a cheaper alternative is now available using Chromecasts, but you are still at the mercy of what the manufacturer wants to do (like discontinuing the Chromecast Audio).

In this post I’m going to detail my multi-room audio setup, which plays perfectly synced audio across three sets of speakers, both indoors and outdoors. This system is 100% DIY and uses Free Software throughout. It’s also cheaper than even a single Sonos speaker.

System Overview

My system is comprised of a central server running Mopidy and Snapcast (the snapserver portion) and three audio players, each running the Snapcast client (snapclient).

Two of the clients are resident on the Raspberry Pi systems we use for Kodi on our TVs. One of these is located in the Living Room and connects into our soundbar. The other is located in the master bedroom and currently just uses the TV speakers.

The third client is located on a Raspberry Pi in our loft space, which is connected via an amplifier to speakers mounted outdoors by our patio.

The parts list for this setup is as follows:

The Fusion speakers listed above are outdoor/marine rated and certainly seem fine in the New Zealand climate (warm humid summers, wet cool winters). They are definitely not the best speakers in the world (the price reflects that). However, the quality is sufficient for my application of background/work music in an outdoor environment.

Overall, the total cost for the components ordered for this project was less than NZ$250. This comes in at less than the price of a single Sonos speaker. I’ve not included the Raspberry Pis in this, since I already had them and only one was specifically installed for this project.

Software Setup

The software setup is a pretty standard for this kind of project – basically just Mopidy feeding audio to Snapcast. As such I’m not going to give a full installation guide, since there are plenty of resources available. Take a look at the links below for full instructions (these are the resources I used when setting this up):

Multi-Room Audio UI
The Web UI Via Iris

In terms of client/remote control software, I’m using Iris as a web interface for Mopidy. On the Android side I’m using M.A.L.P. as well as the Snapcast app. M.A.L.P. seems to be a reasonable MPD client and supports multiple servers, which may come in useful in future. The main issue I have with it is that it gets the album art wrong frequently and there seems to be no way to override it’s choices (or use the correct album art from the server).

Of course, I also have both Mopidy and Snapcast integrated with Home Assistant!

Outdoor Speaker Hardware Setup

So far, so easy. Here is where I ran into issues. I mounted the speakers to the brick wall of our house just fine, but ran into problems running the cables up through the roof space to the amplifier. This was mainly due to one speaker being on the corner of the house where the roof is low. In this corner the steel supports for the roof were too close together for me to squeeze through. Also the level of the soffit where the cable came in was lower than ceiling height, so that the soffit forms a well around the outside of the house. All this made it nearly impossible to grab the cable.

Multi-Room Audio Speakers
Left Speaker (the one with the tricky cable)
Multi-Room Audio Speakers
Right Speaker

I fashioned a makeshift tool from an old mop handle and reacher grabber with a line attached to the handle so that I could actuate it from the end of the pole. I even went as far as installing the Android IP Webcam app on an old phone and mounting that on the far end. With this I could then view the image on my phone and use the light on the camera end to see better. This helped, until the battery on the phone died! Eventually I managed to grab the cable by pushing the whole length of it up through the soffit. The resulting bundle was much easier to grab.

Phew, now we’re getting somewhere…

Overall, getting the speakers installed took most of a day, with several hours spent laying on my front in the (hot) loft space trying to grab the cable. The provided speaker cables also had to be lengthened with some extra speaker cable from my local DIY store. Luckily I knew this before I installed them and didn’t have to pull them back.

Multi-Room Audio Client
The loft RPi with relays, sitting on top of the amplifier
Multi-Room Audio Client
The LED on the amplifier is unnecessarily bright

The remainder of the install was pretty much plug and play. I connected one of the USB soundcards to the Raspberry Pi and connected it’s output via audio cable to the amplifier. I spliced the relay into the 12V power line from the power supply to the amplifier to allow me to remotely control it’s power. Both the RPi and the amp are powered from the mains sockets I previously had installed in the loft.

Node-RED Relay Control

Multi-Room Audio Power Control
Power Control is done via Home Assistant

As with the relay power control for my room sensors, I used Node-RED to turn the relay on and off via MQTT. The flow uses my Home Assistant MQTT Discovery approach to be automatically added to HASS. There’s not much to say about this since it’s pretty much identical to the setup for the room sensors. Here’s the flow:

Multi-Room Audio Power Control
The relay power control flow

And here’s the corresponding JSON:

I also have a couple of automations which I use to mute/unmute the relevant Snapclient when the speakers are turned off. My completely unfounded hypothesis is that Snapcast should be intelligent enough to not send any data to muted clients, which should reduce unnecessary traffic on the network. I’ve not done any investigation to verify this however. In any case, here are the automations:

Indoor Setup with Libreelec and Kodi

It wouldn’t be a multi-room audio setup with out multiple clients! So on to the indoor systems. These are the running on my two Libreelec systems, connected to the TVs. The first of these is the most interesting since that connects to to our Polk Signa S2 soundbar. I’m actually planning a review of this in the near future, but for now we’ll just say it sounds awesome. I didn’t include it in the hardware list above since I didn’t purchase it just for this project.

I connected to the soundbar using the second USB soundcard and audio cable. This means I can play audio without having the TV on, just by setting the soundbar to it’s AUX input. The other system in the master bedroom, just sends audio via the HDMI port to the TV.

Multi-Room Audio on Libreelec
Settings of the Libreelec Snapclient Plug-in

On the software side of these I used the excellent Libreelec Snapclient plug-in. Just install it from the official Libreelec repo and you’re good to go. In order for the auto-discovery to work, you should make sure that the Snapserver and Libreelec machine are on the same network. The only other issue I had is that sometimes the ‘list sound cards’ dialog in the plugin settings wouldn’t work. I found it easier to just list the devices on the command line with snapclient -l and put the relevant device number into the addon settings.

Conclusion and Next Steps

Overall, this system is pretty great. It’s served us well for outdoor audio all through the summer and has become our primary way of listening to our music collection. There are a few rough edges, like the issues with album art on Android.

The main other point of complaint is the profusion of volume controls. This could be a separate rant altogether, since everything has it’s own volume control for some reason. For this system I just don’t touch the volume in Mopidy and use the individual channel controls in Snapcast. It looks like there is now a plugin to provide better integration here, but I haven’t tried it yet.

The next steps for this system will be to re-build the server side system as part of my ongoing migration to Docker+VMs. At this point I’d like to add a couple more groups to the Snapserver. One of these will be for audio streaming in over Bluetooth. This will allow for us to stream audio directly from our phones to any of the speakers in the house.

The second group will be for TTS notifications from Home Assistant. I know I can move channels between groups via HASS automations to decide where the audio goes. The main stumbling block on this at the moment is how to get the audio from the HASS server to the media server, which will be separate VMs. If anyone has any ideas here, please let me know!

That’s it for now. Thanks for reading!

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Traffic for the last 30 days

Site Update: Where We Are and Plans For The Future

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Regular readers may have noticed some changes around here of late. Certainly, I’ve been giving the site more love. It’s been moved to a new host and I’ve been playing around with the layout. You’ll also notice from the message above that I’m experimenting with affiliate links. The latest addition is some (hopefully minimal) AdSense ads.

This is all part of my new longer term plan to turn this site into something more than just a place to document my projects. I want to build the site both into a resource for the community and into something that can hopefully make some money to support me doing more projects.

A Change in Perspective

In turn, the plan for this site is part of a larger change in perspective that I’ve had this year. For a long time, I’ve wanted to start my own business. This is something I’ve always been open with – even with my employers. This desire wasn’t driven by wanting to make tons of money, I just wanted the freedom to set my own agenda. The problem was I could never come up with an idea compelling enough for me to want to lay aside other projects in order to work on it.

As time went on, I realised what I actually want is to get paid to work on my own projects (actually I’d happily do it for free if I didn’t need money to live). The problem is no-one is going to pay me to do that! By building up this blog into something that brings in some income (however modest), I will actually be achieving that goal. I may never be able to live off the proceeds, but having the exposure will hopefully open up other opportunities.

My Ultimate Goal

The explanation for why this has come to the front of my mind this year lies in my discovery of the Financial Independence (A.K.A FIRE) movement. This is my ultimate goal. Unfortunately, I’m a long way away from that. It would have helped if I’d discovered it 10 years ago. However, 20’s me didn’t really care about money beyond having enough to live comfortably and not being in debt.

The main tenet of FI is that having enough money set aside to support your (hopefully reasonably minimal) lifestyle buys you the freedom to spend your time as you like. It’s really not about the money. Money is just the means to that end.

If only this guy had known about Financial Independence

FI is a long term game. However, for me there would be no functional difference between being fully financially independent and getting paid to work on projects and document them on this site (aside from the need to keep doing it, to ensure a steady income). So with that in mind, it would be nice if I could eventually make enough from this blog to be able to do it full time.

In the meantime, I’m intending to use any proceeds from this blog (after hosting costs), to both finance future projects and to put towards the FI fund.

Wait a minute, did you say AdSense?

As in Google AdSense. Yes, I did. However, I didn’t come to this decision lightly.

This is a blog about self hosting, DIY electronics and Home Automation. Google really doesn’t fit in around here. I don’t like the tracking inherent in Google’s Ad platform and I don’t like being dependent on an external service to serve content on my site.

I’ve thought long and hard about whether I would run ads at all, never mind Google ones. I’ve also investigated other Ad networks and specifically talked to someone at Mediavine. Unfortunately, not only do I not yet meet their traffic requirements, they also require the use of Google Analytics, so I wouldn’t be any freer from Google.

Ideally, I’d like to host my own ads (if I have to have ads at all), for products that are actually useful and relevant. As a (very) small publisher this seems to be out of reach right now. However, if you’d like to advertise here, feel free to get in contact!

So Adsense is here for now. I’m treating the period of the next few months as a trial to see how well it does. I’ll be sure to report back on whether I think it’s worth it. Given the content of this site, I’m assuming that anyone in my audience who doesn’t like the ads has the technical chops to block them. I don’t mind this, my content is still free for you. However, please don’t complain about it unless you’re willing to buy me a coffee! 🙂

Current Status

To have any chance of success in my efforts, I need to bring more traffic in to the site. The main way to do this is of course to produce more content on a more regular basis. This is something I’ve struggled with in the past. Although I’m improving here, I still have a long way to go.

Traffic for the last 30 days
Site traffic for the last 30 days

In order to benchmark to my progress, I’m publishing some of my traffic stats. As you can see from the graph above, I’m getting some reasonably decent peaks when I publish an article, with massive drops in between.

Over the time period above:

  • There were approximately 3500 visits
  • Maximum daily traffic was 886 visits (corresponding to my last Home Assistant article)
  • Minimum daily traffic was 10 visits, but on non posting days is usually somewhere in the 20s or 30s

I’m not going to bother with any further breakdown, such as traffic sources, etc. That can get really boring!

Where to Next?

My immediate goals are what I’m calling the “100-100-100 Challenge”, these are as follows:

  • Achieve an average of 100 visits per day on non-posting days (with a proportionate increase on posting days)
  • Gain 100 followers on Twitter (I’m actually 3/4 of the way there!)
  • Earn $100 (NZ) in blog related income (after fees and tax)

These seem fairly modest and achievable. In addition I’m trying to set up a blogging schedule so that I can produce one post a week – which will certainly help with the above goals.

That’s pretty much it for this update. As always, if you have any feedback on my plans or on the changes to the site, please leave a comment or get in contact.

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